Compound broad-crested-weir is a typical hydraulic structure that provides flow control and measurements at different flow depths. Compound broad-crested weir mainly consists of two sections; first relatively small inner rectangular section for measuring low-flows, and wide rectangular section at higher flow depths. In this paper, series of laboratory experiments was performed to investigate the potential effects of length of crest in flow direction, and step height of broad-crested weir of rectangular compound cross section on the discharge coefficient. For this purpose, 15 different physical models of broad-crested weirs with rectangular compound cross sections were tested for a wide range of discharge values. The results of examination for computing discharge coefficient were yielded by using multiple regression equations based on the dimensional analysis. Then, the results obtained were also compared with Genetic Programming (GP) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) techniques to investigate the applicability, ability and accuracy of these procedures. Comparison of results from the GP and ANN procedures clearly indicates, the ANN technique is less efficient in comparison with the GP algorithm, for the determination of discharge coefficient. To examine the accuracy of the results yielded from the GP and ANN procedures, two performance indicators (determination coefficient (R2) and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE)) were used. The comparison test of results clearly shows that, the implementation of GP technique is sound satisfactory regarding the performance indicators (R2 = 0.952 and RMSE= 0.065), with less deviation from the numerical values.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Broad-Crested Weir, Compound, Discharge Coefficient, Genetic Programming (GP), Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Soft Computing.